mysterious origin of nargile
hypotheses on the birthplace of nargile must be taken into account.
They concern Europe, America, India, Persia and Africa. Those who try
hard to write the official history of tobacco mention an American origin
for the latter and a European one for the transmission of its use modes,
as the common pipe, the chibouque or even narghile. Such an argument
states that the Europeans would have taught Asian and African peoples
how to smoke, particularly through the pipe. A consequence is that
cannabis would have been inhaled, neither in Europe, nor in Africa, nor
anywhere else, before the arrival of tobacco.