Deir Ezzor, Northeast Syria, (SANA)-Handicrafts
appeared in the Middle Euphrates region in the ninth
millennium B.C. after the emergence of agriculture which
opened new prospects before the inhabitants of the region.
When people in the region discovered how to produce and
store food, stone industries appeared, said Director of Deir
Ezzor Department of Antiquities Yaser Shouhan.
Archeological expeditions unearthed many stone tools made of
marble and obsidian stones imported from turkey, he added.
They also discovered many potteries at different sites,
indicating that potters used the technique of controlling
the temperature of ovens to make several colors of clay with
layers of different thickness. Copper oxide was also used in
making glazed pottery.
Trade exchange played an important role in the prosperity of
the region and its cultural role through communicating with
other cultures leading to the development of handicrafts and
their techniques in the fifth millennium B.C. Some of the
important industries in the region at that age were looms,
furniture, carts and other wood industries.
the 3rd Millennium B.C, economic and trade ties developed
and the region started to import iron, copper, gold and
other metals from Turkey, Arabian Gulf and Cyprus;
therefore, mining became a vital project in the region.
Bronze was also used in industry on a wider scale than iron
in making nails, utensils and wheels where the oldest wheel
was discovered in Kingdom of Mari and iron was considered a
very precious metal at that age.
Coins and utensils were also made of copper while bondwomen
were specialized in textile and food industries, and the
archeological documents indicated that there were 21 types
of linen clothes made of flax plant fibers.
Food industries were made of different kinds of high-quality
and ordinary flour, wheat and vegetables, and wine industry
prospered at that age .There were nine types of beer and
several types of wine produced in Kingdom of Mari and ice
stores were made for preserving wine.
Different types of medical oil, fragrance and jewelry
industries reflected the social progress at that age in
Kingdom of Mari .