city of Amrit is only 7Km far to the south Tartous. A small Knoen river,
River or Martias River,
penetrates it. It spreads over about -6- square kilometers. It is
considered one of the most prominent cities on the Cannanite- Phonecian
coast. Aryan mentions that it was the main city in the continental part
of Award Kingdom.
archeological digs showed that it was established and inhabited by the
Amorites at the end of 30th century and the beginning of the
20th century B.C.
mentioned in Tohtomes the third raids under the name: Kurt Amroot.
Alexandar's chroniclers mentioned it under the name: Maratous, saying
that it is a very prosperous city and might be biggest city in the east
It was subject
to Arwad and constitute with it an alliance that joined paltous ( Arab
al-Molk ) , Balania ( Banyas ) and Carna ( Al-Qarnain ) .Also , it was a
centre of expansion to the Arwadians on the coast , building their homes
, stores , factories and cemeteries there . This is clear because of the
scattered ruins over large areas . The Tokens refer to the existence of
a port which was filled up because of the erratics and the collected and
the frith .
during the Persian role , and grew when Alexandar came and he found it
big and rich .
He received the
delegates of king Darius in it , and the rude diplomatic letters were
interchanged between them .
disengaged from the domination of Arwad . in the late 3rd
century B.C – precisely 219 B.C - , and the harted widened between them
. so, the Arwadian destroyed it in the mid of the 2nd century
B.C- 148 B.C – as Dior the Sicilian narrates . Then Astrabon mentioned
the destroyed city of Amrit, and that the Arwadian had shared its land .
Amrit LOST ITS
POSITION DURING THE 1ST ROMAN ERA . Then it came back to
build its glory in the decline of this era and the Byzantine era . This
is what the dig's primary results refered to in 1992.
Then it was
neglected and the crusaders used its building's stones in the
fortifications of Tartous and Amrit ….etc . So, it became an easy quarry
of stones till recent past .
Bokuck visited Amrit in 1745 , and registered some of his seeings . Also
, Earnest Rynan came and did archeological investigations in 1860 .
In 1926 ,
Maurice Donan made archeological digs in the lodging of sacred things,
and found a group of ex-voto statues . The digs of the General office of
Ruins and museums
continued , represented by Dr. Adnan al-Bounni and
Prof.Naseeb Salibi . In my turn , I continued the digs and instaurations
for several season in it .
The ruins of
Amrit shimmed many museums , such as the Loover-France , Beirut and
American University Musuem – Lebanon , and the National musuem in
Damascus and Tartous museum – Syria
Amrit The coins
Amrit Hill The Rock
Vaults Al-Buzzak Tower Al-Buzzak
Tower Rom Al-Zaha The Port
Tabet Alhamam Samerian
Art in Amrit
Tal al kazal