located in the plain which stretched between Tartous and Amrit , and on
the western side of the road under the sand dunes . It is from the
Phoenician , Greek , and Roman era .
general office ruins and museums gave them a great care . It made
several seasons of digs with the help of Prof. Naseeb Salibi , and this
led to the discovery a group of collective vaults and individual tombs
which are very simple with no sings of grandeur .
of them are entered through a tight stone door by drawing it . In it ,
they found lead coffins decorated by grapes tufts and the goddess of
Another ones contain coffins without having any obvious sings on the
face . It seems that the respect of the dead is not shown by the sings
and external aspects which please the viewer as Mr. Rynan mentions , but
the respect comes out in the fine things which were put inside the
coffins ( Jewels , glasses – like golden leaves , golden head band ,
precious stones ….)
During the driving away of soil and sand , marble statue of god Bakhus
was found . It is a naked child, round body and short of head , carrying
in his left hand two tufts of grapes and a robe hanging like a fall .
Earnest Rynan mentions a stone coffin with an engraved head like the one
which was discovered in Saidoun , but it was not of marbel. It was from
the volcanic stone which is known in Safita. Also , two alike coffins of
marble were found . They are in the Lover museum now .
1996 / , A familial Phoenician vault was found from the ( 4th
– 5th ) century B.C , engraved in the rock . It is entered by
stairs which reach a corridor having individual tombs. It is / 9 /
tombs. The burying was done by wooden coffins which were consumed by
time and humidity in four of them , while the other five ones , the
burying is done by human – like pottery coffins , well done , and
impressed by Egyptian , Palmyrian , and Cyprian art . The Cyperian art
is obvious in the head cap , the lotus , the earings , the hairstyle ,
the eyes , and the tips ( jutting out or reserved ) .
refers that they are from the same period, the same school, and the same
faces have a careless smile, and receiving death acceptably , peacefully
and with fear.
a cubic familial vault, built by huge engraved stones of different
sizes, crowned by a cornice . Its height is / 11m / , and consisted of
two floors .
floor is one room whose door is in the northern wall. It is from the
(5th – 6th 0 century B.C. Some instaurations were done in /
1984 / .
the east- south of Amrit temple , about / 1200 m / far from it , and
next to the main road , a wonderful cemetery is located and spread over
large areas . It gave different examples of tombs which are built of
sand stone, such as:
Individual whose roof is flat or truss .
Double , a wall in the middle , and the roof is truss .
Engraved in fragile rock as an individual tombs.
burying is done by wooden coffins, and this is clear because of the
existence of worn out wood on the top and bottom of the skeletons
because of humidity and time . Or the dead is put only on backboards or
in marble stone coffins . The body was sculptured like the Egyptian
mummy, whereas the head was sculptured in a Greek way . It is a clear
example on the art of delicate repousse sculpture and ornament .
the first coffin , the face is cheeky with a wide and straight nose ,
and thick lips . Paint hints are shown on the grains of the head's
ornament , and this shows that the colors were removed because of
humidity and the penetration of water .
- On the second coffin , the
sculpture of Heira's face ( the goddess of heaven , the sister – in –
law of Zeus , and the goddess of marriage and women in the Greek
mythology . This sculpture is the one which protects the dead from the
misuse of the burglars of ruins.
, this cemetery has , in one of its individual tombs , a marble coffin
whose cover is truss , and the dead was put in it in a wooden coffin .
trove was found in or next to these coffins. They are like the coffin
group of Saidoun which goes back to the ( 4th – 5th
) century B.C .
: All the skeletons were found in the coffins and tombs , and they
refer to a strong structure , and long arms because of the existence of
the whole of the hand's bones between the thighs .
contact with Award and the Mediteranean world . It is located a little
bit to the south of Martias river . It is covered by the sand dunes and
the reeds . As a result of the digs between / 1992 – 1993 / , a lot of
its paved stones were discovered to assure its site with no doubt . Man
, wind , and water had affected it . The references shows that it
flourished , especially , in the ( 4th – 5th )
century B.C .
institutions are straddled near it . The site , known as the basement ,
is one of its lodgings .
collection of crystal white marble Corinthian chapiters and footstalls
have been found near it .
The excavation of a bath floor , paved by square pavements , consists of
three layes pervaded by fictile plates , and a mosaic floor near it .
good residential level which goes back to the ( 3 rd – 4 th ) century
Sand layer .
- Bases for
residential institutions which were built by small and big stones . It
includes the potter of the ( 3 rd – 4th ) century B.C. Also ,
the successive of digs' operations will uncover the essential nature of
the area , and reveal it clearly . Because a city , like Amrit , spread
over wide areas of land , and is considered the continental part of
Arwad , it flourished in different periods . It must have large port for
a flourished economic life whether by trade or agriculture , and the
muchness of coins is the best reference for its activity in this field .
Amrit The coins
Amrit Hill The Rock
Vaults Al-Buzzak Tower Al-Buzzak
Tower Rom Al-Zaha The Port
Tabet Alhamam Samerian
Art in Amrit
Tal al kazal